Hyperemesis Gravidarum is nothing but morning sickness at its most severe. Hyperemesis means excessive vomiting and Gravidarum means ‘in pregnancy’. Some of you may remember this term because apparently Kate Middleton, the Duchess of Cambridge suffered Hyperemesis in all her three pregnancies.
A pregnant lady is considered to be suffering from Hyperemesis if nausea and voimitting is causing her to lose weight. Approximately 2% of pregnant suffer from this basis reports from different pars if tge world.
Women with HG have
- Persistent nausea and vomiting
- Electrolyte imbalances
- Weight loss
Women with Hyperemesis may even vomit up to 50 times a day and are not able to keep down the food. What is worse is that Hyperemesis may continue well until the baby is born.
It can also cause low blood pressure and ketosis which is caused by a lack of glucose. It is not clear what causes HG but there is evidence that if someone has suffered from it in one pregnancy they are very likely to when they are expecting again
The NHS state the following on treatment for HG. ‘There are medications that can be used in pregnancy, including the first 12 weeks, to help improve the symptoms of HG. These include anti-sickness (anti-emetic) drugs, vitamins (B6 and B12) and steroids, or combinations of these. ‘If your nausea and vomiting cannot be controlled, you may need to be admitted to hospital. This is so doctors can assess your condition and give you the right treatment to protect the health of you and your baby. ‘Treatment can include intravenous fluids, which are given directly into a vein through a drip. If you have severe vomiting, the anti-sickness drugs may also need to be given via a vein or a muscle.’
It is very unlikely that HG will harm the baby, if managed correctly, despite being highly unpleasant for the mother.